Overview of the historical development of stage lighting Leave a comment

In the 16th century Europe, if it was performed outdoors at night, a xenon lamp was used as a light source. During the fifteenth to sixteenth centuries, 
Italian setters conducted experiments on shade lighting. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Italians did various experiments to control the dim light 
during the performance. In the French classical performances, I also tried to show how to change the time of day and night. Since the 18th century, the 
practice of extinguishing the audience's seat lights and leaving only the stage lighting has become a practice. When the Dresden Theatre performed the opera 
"Yeo" in 1755, there were as many as 8,000 candles lit on the stage. Since the 19th century, light sources have changed rapidly. In 1808, the London Lanxin 
Theater first used gas lamps. Because the gas lamp can be uniformly controlled by the pipeline and can be promoted with light and dark changes. The British 
H. Drammont invented the lime lamp, which produces a light color similar to daylight or moonlight on the stage. In 1870, the United Kingdom used a lime lamp
 as a chasing light, and then painted it on a glass cover of a lime lamp to obtain a chromatic effect. In 1846, the Paris Opera House used the arc light 
source for the first time, and then used the arc light to create a color silk filter and created a stage image with five consecutive light changes to 
represent the whole process from sunset to sunrise.At the beginning of the 20th century, after the advent of the tungsten light bulb, it provided a spotlight
 for the stage, and provided favorable conditions for the performance of the stage space and the creation of the stage atmosphere. The invention of the 
dimmer, the unified management of the lighting system, and the use of color filters have enhanced the expressive power of the stage lighting. In 1920, the 
Italian M. Foltuny designed a soft light reflection system that uses the arc light reflected from the silk to simulate the natural light color to express the
 illusion of the sky. According to the written records, after 1102, the Liangzhu of the Northern Song Dynasty in China performed "Hundred Plays" on the 
Lantern Festival. The platform was used as a stage for the downstairs, and there was a light ball on each side of the platform. Zhang Yu, internal combustion
 candle, this is the beginning of China's artificial light source.
After the Song Dynasty in China, artificial lighting was used on the stage. In the Qing Dynasty, Zhang Wei’s "Tao Yu Meng Yi" had written records, and the 
lanterns began in the Song Dynasty. Liu Huiji used lighting changes during the performance of "Tang Ming Huang You Yue Palace". In the late Qing Dynasty, 
Gongzhong and the folks were performing "lights and lanterns". In the tenth year of Guangxu (1884), when Cixi was born, 448 branches of candles were used for
 a performance, and the folk performance "The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl" also used many magpie lights. After the Revolution of 1911, Chinese theaters 
generally used gas or electric lighting. From 1933, Shanghai staged "Roar, China! Since the beginning of the day, the stage on the Chinese stage has begun 
to establish a stage spotlight projection system. After 1954, a number of theaters in line with international standards were established, and China's own 
stage lighting series was introduced and established, and China's unique slide show performance art was developed.


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