1917 - Einstein proposed the theory of "stimulated launch" and the birth of laser theory.
1957 - Gordon Gould coined the word "laser" and theoretically pointed out that light can be used to excite atoms. 1960 - Theodore Maiman of the Hughes Laboratory in California, USA, implemented the first laser. 1962 - Former Soviet scientist Nikola Bassov invents semiconductor diode lasers, which are today's small commercial lasers. 1971 - British physicist Dennis Gabor won the Nobel Prize for his research on holographic imaging. 1975 - IBM launches the first commercial laser printer. 1978 - Philips produced the first laser disc player, referred to as LD. 1988 - The first fiber was set up between North America and Europe, using light pulses to transmit data. 1991 - The first laser treatment of myopia, the first use of laser guided missiles in the Gulf War. 1996 - Toshiba introduced a digital versatile disc player, which is what we often call a DVD player.